German Basic Expressions of Daily Life

Posted by







_____________________________________________________________________________

When we learn foreign language, we learn how the native speakers express Greeting and Introduction. Here are some German Greeting and introduction I have learned.

German Greeting, Basic German Conversation Phrases, Learn German

To say hello in German we use these expressions:

Hallo.
Hello.
Grüß dich!   (It's a casual expressoins)
Good day!
Grüß Gott!   (It's used mostly in southern Germany and Austria)
Good day!
Guten Morgen
Good morning
Guten Tag.
Hello/Good Day.
Guten Abend.
Good evening.  
Moin (A geeting mostly used in northen German). It means 'good'

Freut mich dich kennenzulernen   Please to meet you (informal)
Freut mich auch              make me happy too/nice to meet you too (formal)
Freut mich Sie kennenzulernen     Please to meet you
Es freut mich                                I am pleased 
Schön dich zu sehen                    Good to see you
Sehr erfreut.                                 Nice to meet you.
Freut mich auch                           Pleased to meet you too.

To end the conversation we can use these expressions:
Auf Wiedersehen. Good bye
Auf Wiederhören.   Bye (on the telephone)
Tschüss!   Bye! (Casual)
Bis bald!   See you soon!
Bis später!   See you later! (Formal and informal)
Bis morgen See you tomorrow
Bis Freitag See you on Friday
Alles Gute All the best
Viel Glück Good luck
Machs gut Take care
Bis dann!                 So long!
Bis nachher!         See you, then!

On phone:
Auf Wiederhören  See you again/hear you again!

To say "How are you?" we can use these expressions:
Wie geht es Ihnen?   How are you? (formal)
Wie geht es dir?           How are you? (casual)
Wie geht's?         How's it going?
Geht es Ihnen gut?         Are you well?

The response we use these expressions:
Es geht mir gut I'm fine
Es geht         I'm so-so
Es geht mir schlecht I'm not doing well
Es geht mir besser  I'm doing better
Gut, danke I'm fine, thank you
Es geht mir sehr gut       I'm very well
Ziemlich gut        I'm rather well
Nicht schlecht                Not bad
Viel besser        Much better
Nicht gut                Not well
Leider nicht sehr gut. Unfortunately, not very good.
Oh, das tut mir Leid. Oh, I am sorry.
Mir geht es gut!        I am good! / I am fine!
Gut!                                Good!
Mir geht es ganz gut! I am quite good!
Mir geht es sehr gut! I am very good!
Mir geht es schlecht! I feel bad!
Mir geht es sehr schlecht! I feel really bad!
Es geht so...                 So - so...
sehr gut danke!         Very well, thank you.

Und dir?         And you? (Informal)
Und Ihnen? And you? (Formal)

Little explanation:

Guten Tag! - Hello! ("Good day!")
It is a standard greeting in most of Germany.

Grüß Gott! - Hello!
This expression is used in Austria and the German state of Bavaria only.

Hallo! - Hello!
It's more informal than saying "Guten tag!" This expressions is used like saying "Hey!" in English, to get someone attention.

Auf Wiedersehen! - Good-bye!
This farewell is used everywhere in the German (speaking world). It is often shortened becomes "Wiedersehen!" In Austria and southern Germany sometimes becomes "Wiederschauen!"

Tschüs! - Bye! - See ya!
It's rarely used in Austria and Bavaria.

Guten Morgen! - Good morning!
Saying just "Morgen" is more familiar.

Guten Abend! - Good evening!
This expression is used in the late afternoon and early evening.

Gute Nacht! - Good night!
This expression is used after dark.

Bitte! - Please! (You're welcome!)
It can be used as "Please" or "You're welcome" when you respond someone saying "Thank you."
e.g
Bitte, reichen Sie mir das Salz!   Please pass (me) the salt!
Danke!                                         Thanks!
Bitte!                                            You're welcome.

Bitte schön!                                 You're very welcome!
This expression is usually used to respond to someone saying "Danke schön!" (see below)

Danke! - Thank you!
It also means "No thanks!" when you say in response to an offer.

Danke schön! - Thank you very much!
It's stronger than just saying "Danke!" To say, "You're welcome!" you can use "Bitte schön!"

Vielen Dank! - Many thanks! - Thank you very much!

Nein, danke! - No thanks!
It's used to turn down an offer.

Germans tend to use first names less frequently than English-speakers.
Grüß dich! - Hello! ("[God] greet you!")
This expressions mostly used amongfriends and family in Austria and Bavaria.

Servus! - Hello! or Good-bye!
This expressions mostly used amongfriends and family in Austria and Bavaria. The meaning can be both "Hello!" and "Good-bye!"

Wie geht es Ihnen? - How are you?
It's formal expression

Wie geht's? - How are you? - How's it going?
It's informal expression.

Nicht so gut - Not so well. Not that great.
It's not too negative.

Danke, gut. - Fine, thanks.
It's little bit better than Nicht so gut.

Es geht - Okay. So-so.
This also better.

Sehr gut - Fine. Great.

Introductions:

(formal)
Wie heißen sie?       What's your name?
Wie ist ihr name?    What's your name?
Mein name ist ... My name is ..
Ich heiße ...              My name is ..

(informal)
Wie heißt du? How are you call? What's your name?
Wie ist dein name? What's your name?


_____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________

The Real Education Updated at: 12:31

0 comments:

Post a Comment