Learn German Definite Article

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Learning German is worth your time. It is not too difficult for you who have learned English. Many German words are so similar to English words. But, the definite pronoun is not. In English there is only one definite article, that is “the”. What we need to remember is only how to pronounce it depends on the first letter of the following words follow it: vowel or consonant. It is pronounced “ðiː” when followed by a vowel, and it is pronounced “ðə” when a consonant follow it. It is so easy to remember. But, it’s a little bit more complicated in German. Bellow is the table.


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There are four cases, gender, and the plural case which determine the use of the definite pronoun. Those cases are nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive. When the noun is masculine in nominative case, so “der” is used, but when it is feminine in accusative case, so “die” is used.

Don't worry, it is easy to master it. Don't give up to learn German. To memorize it directly is not a great idea. And, practicing is the good one instead. Bellow, I provide you some examples and try to practice it in spoken and written form.

Examples:

Nominative:
  1. masculine: der Mann ist hier (the man is here)
  2. feminine : die Mädchen ist hier
  3. neuter   : das Haus ist groß
  4. plural   : Die Häuser sind groß
Accusative
  1. masculine : Ich grüße den Mann (I greet the man)
  2. feminine  : Ich grüße die Mädchen (I greet the girl)
  3. neuter    : das pferd frißt das Gras
  4. plural    : Er liest die Bücher
Dative
  1. masculine: Ich gebe dem Mann ein Buch (I give the book to the man)
  2. feminine : Ich gebe die Karten der Mädchen - I give the cards to the man.
  3. neuter   : Wir senden dem Krankenhaus einen Brief (We are sending a letter to the hospital).
  4. plural   : Ich kaufe den Mädchen Eis (I buy the girls ice cream)
Genitive
  1. masculine: Das Buch des Lehrers (The teacher's book)
  2. masculine: Ich habe das Buch des Mannes (I have the book of the man)
  3. masculine: Die Entwicklung unseres Dorfes - The growth of our village.
  4. masculine: Die Mutter eilte aus der Küche herbei - The mother rushed out of the kitchen induced
  5. feminine : Das Auto der Frau (The woman's car)
  6. neuter   : Das Essen des Kindes (The child's food).
  7. plural   : Die Hemden der Männer (The men's shirts).
Those are the examples of how to use German definite pronouns in sentences.

Read: German Personal Pronoun


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The Real Education Updated at: 21:36

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