"Learning English is easy". It is a great statement to trigger students' mind. Then tell a little about western culture, tourist destinations in Europe, America, or in other English country to trigger their imagination to fly over the world with English. Speak in two languages: English and the students language. Make them realize their intention learning English, that there are a lots advantages when they can use English.
Some students do not like learning English grammar as they think learning other languages is learning to speak, but grammar is like a map. With grammar students can learn independently. They also need grammar to take an English test such as TOEFL, IELTS, TOEC, etc. However, do not explain grammar too much. It is just a map. Practice the language is more important than staring at the map.
I try to schedule a lesson plan of part of speech. I begin with Nouns and Pronouns for the first week (Six days/90 minutes x 6). It is not for young learners, just for learners who have ever learned structure of their own language or those who have been able to think about language structure or adult learners.
A) The First Meeting
The first lesson is Noun. But, at the first meeting, introduction must be number one. You need to know each other. Show them the way you want to teach them, tell them how they will learn English with you. Convince them that they can go traveling over the world with English, they can work in other country, they can study there or do a business.
Grammar is a map. I prefer to explain the very basic part of language, tell them that in learning English firstly we learn about "Letters", then "Words", "Sentences", "Paragraph", and the last is "Text". That is the main street on the map. In every step students get training of listening skill, speaking skill, reading skill, and writing skill. The activity of every meeting includes those four skills.
The first lesson is about words, and for the first week is the explanation of Noun and Pronoun. Noun is a word that identifies person, a thing, an idea, quality, or state (Oxford Dictionaries). But, teachers do not need to explain the detail about Noun though. Explain all the eight parts of speech in general. Make sure the students can distinguish one to the other. Give example to make them understand easily. For instance, "A small cat always catches a big mouse behind the house and a small house lizard at the wall in the evening. I always let it eat them all." Explain them: Cat = Noun, Small = Adjective, catch = Verb, Behind = Preposition, and = Conjunction, at the wall & behind the house = adverb of place, in the evening = adverb of time, I&it = Pronoun. Make other sentences to make them understand the differences among those word classes. Some students maybe to difficult to memorize the name of those word classes. Don't force them to memorize. The purpose is not to memorize, but to make them understand it.
Now, it is time to learn each of those word classes in detail. We begin the explanation from Noun Gender, Singular and Plural Nouns, and Possessive Noun.
There are three kinds of noun based on the gender:
- masculine (boy, man, father, rooster, uncle, nephew, school boy, actor)
- feminine (girl, woman, mother, hen, aunt, niece, school girl, actress)
- neuter (child, chicken, person, student, etc)
Too many words to memorize all in single meeting, just make students understand about those Noun Gender. Give them little exercise. The better choice is having them to make sentence. Though it is time learning about "Word", but it doesn't mean no sentences at all. The more they use English, the more familiar they are with English. Through practice they learn English structure and English pronunciation unconsciously. It is also good to make them understand the word class from the context.
It is the first meeting. Having a lot of conversations is a good idea. Don't make the students shocked by those complicated grammar in the beginning. Make the class more fun. A little joke is okay.
B) Second Meeting
Types of Noun
Then continue to the explanation of types of Noun:
a. proper nouns
b. common nouns:
- concrete nouns
- abstract nouns
- countable nouns
- uncountable nouns
- collective noun
- Indonesian people speak Bahasa Indonesia
- I eat banana
- The love fades
- You have lots of wisdom
- She has many books, but has only few dresses
- She has much sugar, but has little water
- I love my family
There a lot of activities you can carry out at class. Put scattered piece of papers with words printed on inside a box or on the table. The words are only nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, conjunctions, and preposition. Each of students take one piece of papers. If the words on the paper they hold is noun, they should find adjectives, and vice versa.
- If they found Noun, they should find Adjective
- If they found Adjective, they should find Noun
- If they found Verb, they should find Adverb
- If they found Adverb, they should find Verb
- If they found Preposition, they should find Noun
- If they found Noun, they should find Preposition
- If they found Conjunction, they should find Two Nouns
Teachers can also assign students in pair. Each pairs in turn: one finds the words and read loudly, another writes down on a paper (Dictation). It is to train their listening and speaking skills. In this practice, the students do not learn to arrange sentences. It's just to make sure that they understand that adjectives describe nouns, adverb is used to give information about verb, conjunctions are used to join to words or two clauses, and preposition is used before nouns.
Find more games here Games For Teaching Part of Speech
Tell the students that they don't need to memorize all what they have learned. They can remember all the names of types of words classes gradually during the practices. Tell them to post it on the wall of their room, or in other place which they can easily see it.
C) Third Meeting
Function of Nouns
A noun can be a subject of sentences, can be an object, subject complement, and object complement. Write down some sentences on white board which can make students understand it. Complements is a word complete the predicate of sentences (Richard Nordquist, Grammar & Composition Expert, Grammar .About .com). Subject complement is words describe the subject, while object complement is a word describe the direct object (Towson University site).
- The early bird catches the worm
- A cat eats a mouse
- She is a writer
- Dina becomes a teacher
- She calls me a big man
D) Fourth Meeting
Review the lesson about noun. Then continue to explanation about Pronouns. There are several kinds of pronoun:
- personal pronoun
- demonstrative pronoun
- indefinite pronoun
- interrogative pronoun
- relative pronoun
1. Personal Pronoun
Role play is a good way to explain about personal pronoun. Thus, the students can easily understand how to use personal pronoun. They can easily understand the difference between He and she, you and they, etc. as they practice like in real life. However, students also need to practice the reading and writing skills. It needs time to remember all personal pronouns.
2. Demonstrative Pronoun
It is easy. It can be taught in a single meeting with personal pronoun. While practicing using personal pronoun, the teachers can includes demonstrative pronouns.
E) Fifth Meeting
Indefinite pronoun classified into three:
- Singular (one, someone, anyone, no one, everyone, each, somebody, anybody, nobody, everybody, (n)either, something, anything, nothing, everything),
- Plural (both, few, several),
- Singular with non-countables / Plural with countables (some, any, none, all, most).
F) Sixth Meeting
Interrogative pronouns are used to make questions. Those are What, Who, Where, When, Why, How.
Relative pronouns are words used to introduce relative (adjective) clause. Those are Who, Whose, That, Which.
To practice using interrogative and relative pronouns, role play is a good way. They can be a journalist, dentist, professor, taxi driver, etc. give them some examples of question such as "Who are you?", "Where do you work?", "Deny who works as a journalist want to meet you", etc.