The German Nouns Which Are Always Masculine, Feminine, and Neuter

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Learn German Online free, German Noun Gender
In German, every noun has gender whether masculine, feminine, or neuter. The sun is feminine, while the moon is masculine. It is not biological gender, but a grammatical gender. There are many explanations on internet, but my favorite ones are speak7 .com, about .com, and some YouTube channels which provide video tutorials. There are several guidance how to determine the noun genders, but memorizing all of those guidance just leading me to get headache. However, it is important to collect those guidance to me easier in learning this.

There are certain nouns that always masculine, the other groups that always feminine, and another one which always neuter. There are also some nouns that usually masculine, feminine, or neuter. The second one is not really sure, so that why using “usually”. It means that there are some exceptions in that group. Bellow are all of those groups.
  • Nouns that always masculine in German:
  • Days, months, and seasons: Der Montag, Der Januar, Der Sommer
  • Points of the compass, map locations and winds: der Norden/north, der Süden/south, der Westen/west, der Osten/east.
  • Precipitation: der Regen/rain, der Schnee/snow, der Nebel/fog/mist.
  • Names of cars and trains: der Mercedes, der BMW, der VW and trains/der ICE
  • Words ending in -ismus: der Journalismus/journalism, der Kapitalismus/capitalism
  • Words ending in -ner: der Rentner/pensioner, der Schaffner/conductor
  • The basic "atmospheric" elements that end in -stoff: der Sauerstoff/oxygen, der Stickstoff/nitrogen, der Wasserstoff/hydrogen, plus carbon/der Kohlenstoff. The exceptions are der Phosphor and der Schwefel (sulphur). Other chemical elements are neuter (das Aluminium, Blei, Kupfer, Uran, Zink, usw.).
Nouns which are always FEMININE in German:
  • Nouns ending in the following suffixes -heit, -keit, -tät, -ung, -schaft: die Schönheit/the beauty, die Tätigkeit/the activity, die Universität/university, die Überraschung/surprise, die Freundschaft/friendship. These are similar to English suffixes such as -ness (-heit, -keit), -ty (-tät), -ship (-schaft).
  • Nouns ending in -ie: Industrie/industry, Komödie/comedy. It’s like suffix “-y” in English.
  • Names of aircraft, ships and motorbikes: die Boeing 747, die Titanic, die Harley Davidson.
  • Nouns ending in -ik: die Musik/music, die Panik/panic.
  • Borrowed (foreign) nouns ending in -enz, -anz, -ade, -age, -ette, -ine, -ion, -tur: Frequenz, Distanz, Parade, Blamage/shame, Serviette/napkin, Limonade, Nation, Konjunktur/economic trend. The exception: der Nomade. 
  • Cardinal numbers: eine Eins/ a one, eine Drei/a three.
Nouns which are always NEUTER in German:
  • Nouns ending in -chen or -lein: Fräulein, Häuschen, Kaninchen, Mädchen (unmarried woman, cottage, rabbit, girl/maiden)
  • Infinitives used as nouns (gerunds): das Essen, das Schreiben (eating/food, writing)
  • Names of hotels, cafés and theatres
  • Names of colours which are used as nouns: das Blau, Das Rot, das Grün

Those are some nouns that always masculine, feminine, and neuter. The more practice you do, the more familiar you are with those genders.


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The Real Education Updated at: 09:46

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